Lifestyle influences our health considerably. Adhering to a healthy way of life can prevent the onset of many illnesses or mitigate their impact on quality of life.
Healthy lifestyle recommendations refer to proper and balanced diet, regular exercise and physical activity (at least 30 minutes each day), avoidance and cessation of smoking, alcohol and drug consumption. Healthy lifestyles also include active care of your own health, but also responsible behavior toward yourself, others, and the environment. Health depends on a number of factors we call health determinants such as genetic predisposition, psychological characteristics of the person, socio-economic and environmental factors. On some of the risk factors we can influence our activities must be geared toward changing unhealthy habits and adopting healthy lifestyles.
By controlling the existing ones and adopting new living habits, it is possible to make great changes with minimal effort. Once learned patterns of behavior that arise as a consequence of repetition of certain actions, feelings or thoughts do not require special voluntary efforts nor a conscious intention to behave exactly in a certain way. Same by themselves, habits are not bad, but when the habits are ineffective and unproductive, they create problems, unwanted situations and negatively affect our health. By passive indulgence through various incentives (internal or external) we allow habits to be formed unconsciously and without control. Unlike unconscious habits, with conscious selection and active participation, we create habits that become a trigger and help with changes in lifestyle, nutrition, exercise, relationship with oneself and others and greatly contribute to the quality of our lives.
Heartworm diseases and physical activity
The leading cause of illness and dying of the population today is cardiovascular disease and therefore public health priority is the prevention of the occurrence of chronic cardiovascular diseases, particularly coronary heart disease and stroke. Physical activity is considered to be a significant factor in primary and secondary prevention of a number of chronic metabolic diseases (atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia, obesity, type 2 diabetes) and related diseases (arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke), but also in their treatment and rehabilitation of cardiovascular patients. Physical activity in secondary prevention and rehabilitation is prescribed according to the patient’s health status, the level of individual risk and is adapted to the previously assessed functional capacity of the patient. It is important to gradually and supervised the introduction of aerobic activity to moderate intensity according to individual functional capacity and safe and regular conduct of moderate physical activity. Guidelines defining the characteristics of the type, duration, frequency and intensity of physical exercise and exercise useful for cardiovascular health were prescribed by American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Sport Medicine (ACSM).
Sedentary lifestyle: sit less – live longer and healthier!
According to World Health Organization (WHO) data, sedentary lifestyle is one of the ten leading causes of mortality and disability. It is estimated that 60 to 85% of adults live in a sedentary lifestyle. An average office worker working over the years working 40 years at 8 or 10 hours a day and 220 working days a year will spend nine full days sitting, not counting the seating during a meal, in the car, in front of the television. Sedentary behavior is associated with poor health outcomes. WHO has included physical inactivity among the leading death risk factors in the world at fourth place, behind high blood pressure, smoking, and elevated blood sugar. With inadequate physical activity and excessive body mass influences the emergence of civilized (chronic) diseases.